Markus Miessen is an architect, writer, and Professor at HDK- Academy of Design and Crafts, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He received his PhD from the Centre for Research Architecture at Goldsmiths, London. The initiator of the Participation tetralogy, his work revolves around questions of critical spatial practice, institution building, and spatial politics. Miessen has previously taught at the Berlage Institute (Rotterdam), the Architectural Association (London), and has been a Harvard Fellow at the Graduate School of Design. Most recently, he has held a Stiftungsprofessur for Critical Spatial Practice at the Städelschule (Frankfurt), has been a Studio Professor at HEAD, Geneva School of Art and Design, and Distinguished Professor of Practice at the University of Southern California (Los Angeles). Amongst many other books and writings, Miessen is the author of The Nightmare of Participation and Crossbenching (both Sternberg Press, Berlin).