As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
- The submission file is in Microsoft Word or ODF file format.
- Manuscript preparation guideline suggested by the journal has been followed. The guideline specifies many issues including maximum size, format of the article and style of referencing.
- All articles will undergo peer review by members of the Journal Editorial Board and external reviewers.
- You have permissions to use all pictures, images, reprinted material and adapted material.
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.
Microsoft Word or ODF file formats are required for the main manuscript document. All text in manuscripts should be in 12-point Times New Roman font, double-spaced, with justified-alignment. Manuscripts are limited to 7000 words maximum, not including references.
TIFF (TIF) or PNG images are the preferred file formats for raster photographs and images, and should target a resolution of 12.7 x 20.3 cm (5 x 8 inches) at 300 dpi. SVG is the preferred file format for black and white illustrations or vector images.
Please provide a clear caption indicating image source and any required image/photo credit for each image.
Content and Structure
– Article title.
– Main Text starting with an Abstract or Introduction.
– Ten tags describing the content of the manuscript.
Permissions to use reprinted material, adapted material, and material owned by other parties are the responsibility of the authors.
Author(s) should broadly follow the Oxford reference system. Examples of reference style are shown below.
Book with one Author
Include (if available): author’s family name and first name. title. edition (if not 1st). place of publication, publisher. year of publication (copyright).
Bryman, Alan. Social research methods. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2008.
Books with two or more Authors
Fabozzi, Frank J., Modigliani, Franco and Jones, Frank J. Foundations of financial markets and institutions. 4th ed. Boston: Prentice Hall. 2010.
Books which are Edited (Anthologies)
For edited books include editor(s) in brackets after the name of the editor(s)
Allen, Jeffner and Young, Iris Marion (eds.). The thinking muse: feminism and modern French philosophy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 1989.
The same information should be provided as for printed books, see examples above. For books that have been read or downloaded from a library website or bookshop you should add information about e-book at the end of the reference.
Bowen, Natasha K. & Guo, Shenyang. Structural equation modeling. New York: Oxford University Press. 2012. E-book.
Some books whose copyright have expired are sometimes freely available on the internet. In those cases you should add the complete URL (http ://….) and access date, the date you downloaded/read the book. If the URL is very long it could be sufficient to use the URL of the web site where you found the book e.g. http://books.google.se/
Strindberg, August. Three plays: Countess Julie; The Outlaw; The Stronger. Boston: International pocket library. 1912. http://books.google.se/ (Accessed 2012-05-21).
Include (if available): family name(s) and first name(s) of author(s) of book chapter; title of book chapter. In, title of book. first and family name(s) of editor(s) and ed(s) in brackets. edition (if not 1:st). place of publication and publisher. year of publication (copyright). page numbers of chapter.
Ellet, Elizabeth F.L. By rail and stage to Galena. In Prairie state: impressions of Illinois, 1673-1967, by travelers and other observers, Paul M. Angle (ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1968. pp. 271-79.
Include (if available): family name(s) and first name(s) of author(s). title of article. journal name. volume and issue. year of publication. page numbers of article.
Lundmark, Linda. Economic Restructuring into Tourism in the Swedish Mountain Range.Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism 5. no. 1. 2005. pp. 23–45.
If full first names are not provided in the article provide only initials.
Graham, E and Boyle, P. Editorial introduction: (re)theorising population geography: mapping the unfamiliar. International Journal of Population Geography 7. no. 6. 2001. pp. 389-394
Electronic Journal Article
Same information included as for journal articles (see example above) and a DOI-number. DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is used to uniquely identify an object such as an electronic article. DOI-numbers are permanent, which makes it possible to easily locate articles even if the URL of the article has changed. Articles are assigned DOI-numbers by major academic publishers. If there is no DOI-number you should give the URL-link of the article and in some cases access date (mainly articles that are freely available on the internet). Today the publisher often states how to write the reference.
Lundmark, Linda. Economic Restructuring into Tourism in the Swedish Mountain Range. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism 5. no.1. 2005. pp. 23–45. doi: 10.1080/15022250510014273.
Larsen, James E. and Blair, John P. The importance of police performance as a determinant of satisfaction with police. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration 1. no.1. 2009. pp. 1-10. URL: http://scipub.org/fulltext/ajeba/ajeba111-10.pdf (Accessed 2010-09-29).
Include (if available): author of article; title of article; magazine and date of article
Jowit, Juliette. Corporate lobbying is blocking food reforms, senior UN official warns. Guardian. 2010-09-22.
Newspaper Article on the Internet
Same informaton as for a printed article (see above) and URL of article and date of access in brackets. If the URL is very long it could be sufficient to use the URL of the newspaper e.g., http://www.time.com/time/
Jowit, Juliette. Corporate lobbying is blocking food reforms, senior UN official warns. Guardian. 2010-09-22. URL: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/sep/22/ food-firms-lobbying-samuel-jutzi (Accessed 2010-09-30).
Web Pages/Internet Sources
Include (if available): author. Organization. authority or company. year. title of document or page. name of web site or owner of web site. last update of web page. complete URL (http://…..) and date of access.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Health: OECD says governments must fight fat. 2010. URL: http://www.oecd.org/document/35/ 0,3343,en_21571361_44315115_ 46064099_1_1_1_1,00.html (Accessed 2010-10-10).
For blogs include title and posting date of individual blog entry:
Parker, Matt. 2010. The simple truth about statistics. Guardian.co.uk Science blog. 2010-09-29. http://guardian.co.uk/science/blog/ 2010/sep/29/ statistics-lies-abuse (Accessed 2010-10-10).
For articles/entries in online encyclopedias include (if available): author of article. title of article. name of encyclopedia. year of publishing. complete URL (http://…..) and date of access. If there is no author, use the title of the entry or article first.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Encyclopedia Britannica. 2010. http://britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/142824/ Creutzfeldt-Jakob-disease (Accessed 2010-10-30).
Include information about university of graduation and title of degree.
Eckerberg, Katarina. Environmental protection in Swedish forestry: a study of the implementation process. PhD diss. Umeå University. 1987.
Landström, Mats. Two essays on Central Bank independence reforms. Lic. diss. Umeå University. 2009.
Lectures/presentations at conferences and seminars are published in anthologies called proceedings. Title, year and city of conference are to be included if known. Individual contributions to conference proceedings are treated as chapters in books. Sometimes those contributions are published in journals and are treated as journal articles.
Hall, C. Michael. North-south perspectives on tourism, regional development and peripheral areas. In Tourism in peripheries: perspectives from the north and south. In Dieter K. Müller and Bruno Jansson (eds.). Perspectives on tourism in Nordic and other peripheral areas, 2004. Umeå, Wallingford: CABI. 2007. pp.19-38.
Lindsjö, Lars. UR Samtiden – Hur kan utåtagerande barn bemötas? [Television]. Stockholm: Sveriges utbildningsradio. 2011. http://uraccess.se/
Personal communication includes more informal sources: e.g. letters, e-mails, phone calls or conversations. Permission should be sought before these sources are quoted, and a copy retained for reference. If you have promised an interviewee anonymity you must keep that promise. You will find more information about rules and guidelines for research at CODEX. http://www.codex.uu.se/en/index.shtml
Please note that personal communication is sometimes not included in the reference list as the sources normally are not traceable. In those cases information about personal communication are provided only in the footnotes.
A reference to personal communication should include as much information as possible; name, profession/position, details of personal communication; date
Svensson, Anna: student at Umeå University. Interview 2010-05-11.
Informant 1: Grammar school, Umeå. 12 boys and 12 girls, individual interviews 2010-05-09.
Smith, Veronica: Professor at the department of physics, Umeå University. Northern lights, lecture 2010-03-12.
Please note that e-mail addresses belonging to individuals should only be provided if the owner has given permission.